Official Statement : Mount Agung Eruption

OFFICIAL STATEMENT

Nomor : 966/GIPIBALI-BTB/K-XI /2017

Letting Off Some Steam

Latest Update: Mount Agung Eruption

Tuesday, 21 November 2017

(21 November 2017) At 5:05 pm on Tuesday afternoon, 21 November 2017, Bali’s Mount Agung began spewing clouds of gray smoke to a height estimated at 700-meters above the 3,031-meter mountain’s peak.

The billowing cloud of steam, carbon dioxide and volcanic ash was traveling in a southeasterly direction.

The latest eruption occurring several weeks of reduced seismic activity surrounding the volcano is viewed by experts observers from the Geologic Disaster Mitigation Agency (PVMBG) as a “phreatic” or “cold” eruption resulting when water penetrates cracks and vents on the mountain’s surface producing minor localized explosions that send steam and sulphur dioxide into the atmosphere together with moderate amounts of volcanic ash.

Experts generally view phreatic eruptions as a separate phenomenon from the more explosive and destructive magmatic eruptions when reservoirs of highly heated magma and lava are ejected during an eruption.

Following the latest eruption the PVMBG has not raised its current “Siaga – Level III” alert state of readiness and has reminded the public to stay out of the “red zone” that demarcates an area between 6.0 and 7.5 kilometers from the volcano’s peak. People working and living outside the above radius are not considered to be at danger.

Disaster mitigation officials and a network of sirens are on stand-by near the Mountain’s foothills to immediately advise the public and provide assistance if there is any sudden change in the alert status of the volcano.

The villages and communities within the current “red zone” and at risk in the event of a magmatic eruption are: Dusun Br. Belong, Pucang, and Pengalusan (Desa Ban); Dusun Br. Badeg Kelodan, Badeg Tengah, Badegdukuh, Telunbuana, Pura, Lebih and Sogra (Desa Sebudi); Dusun Br. Kesimpar, Kidulingkreteg, Putung, Temukus, Besakih and 

Jugul (Desa Besakih); Dusun Br. Bukitpaon and Tanaharon (Desa Buana Giri); Dusun Br. Yehkori, Untalan, Galih and Pesagi (Desa Jungutan); and a part of Desa Dukh.

Prevailing winds at the time of Tuesday’s eruption were blowing in a south – southeasterly direction.

People in the area have been given face masks to prevent respiratory problems should the volume of volcanic dust emitted from the mountain increase.

The Bali Tourism Board (BTB) Mount Agung Task Force is urging the public to monitor official sources, such as the Bali Tourism Board,  PVMBG and MAGMA Indonesia   and not be influenced by dramatic “hoax” reports emanating from the Social Network and a number of foreign news agency.

3-4 hours after the eruption of Mount Agung on Tuesday afternoon, flights to and from Bali’s Ngurah Rai Airport, located more than 60 kilometers south of the volcano, were operating largely to schedule with no indication of flight delays or cancellations linked to the eruption.

The World Organization of Volcanic Observatories (WOVO) has an “orange” color warning in place for Mount Agung. The WOVO rating is used by aviators with ”orange” – the second highest alert level indicating the volcano is exhibiting an increased likelihood of an eruption but with little or no volcanic ash being emitted into the atmosphere.

Estimates at sunset on Tuesday put the ash-cloud top at around 12294 FT (3842 M) above sea level, warning the height might more than can be easily observed. The current ash cloud is moving to the east- southeast of the volcano.

For the latest update please continue to check

www.BaliTourismBoard.or.id

Denpasar, 21 November 2017 

GIPI BALI / Bali Tourism Board.

Chairman,

source: http://balitourismboard.or.id/page/mountagung/official-statement-1.html

Current Update on Bali Volcano Situation, Mount Agung

NEWS: The Disaster Management agency lowered the alert status for Mount Agung. 

Government officials have officially lowered the alert status from 4 (AWAS) to 3 (SIAGA). A government volcanologist reported that tremors have reduced in number from about 1,000 a day to less than 400. Also, the radius from Agung's crater of the volcano's evacuation zone got reduced from 12 kilometers down to 7.5 kilometers, which brings a significant relief to thousands of villagers, who can now return to their homes. 

Still, the volcano is still active and the new alert level does not indicate that the threat is completely over.

Scientists have warned since 23rd of September, that "an eruption could occur any moment", which lead to the evacuation of thousands of villagers, who lived near the crater. 
After so many weeks of anticipating and preparing for such an event, particularly the villagers who have been evacuated, are very happy that some of them can now return home. "It's extremely hard for them", aid worker Pak Made reported; "they left their homes, farms and also animals behind and need to make a living." 

The situation in the refugee camps is under control but the conditions are not perfect to say the least. Most of the refugees are poor and live from hand to mouth and need to return to their homes; they simply can't afford to sit around and watch their farms and life stock suffer.
Also, Bali's economy in Bali, with the tourism industry as its backbone, has been hit very hard. Some speak of a drop of 30-50% in some areas. 

It seems that President Jokowi's request to reassess the situation has led to the new alert classification. 

Balinese officials were complaining about Fake News and a lot of exaggerated and negative news reports using words like "killer volcano or other catchy headlines": "They put more fear into people than is proportionate to the real threat to visitors - which is in fact very low". But we all know, bad news capture the attention more than good news, or facts for that matter. 

Even though, volcanic eruptions are hard to predict, scientists and tourism officials are somewhat agreeing on the following scenario so far:

  • The lower seismic activity indicate tat an eruption is less likely
  • Based on the data gathered, scientists still believe, an eruption of Mount Agung could happen
  • When, how strong, and even if the volcano will erupt is still uncertain and cannot really be predicted
  • If an eruption would occur, people outside the evacuation zone will be 100% safe (which includes almost all popular tourist areas. For the moment, mainly the area around Tulamben is affected, while Amed is located just outside the evacuation zone) 
  • Is Bali safe? The biggest problem holiday makers could face, is that the airport would be affected and could close, It's not really a matter of safety according to tourism officials. If the DPS airport would have to be closed, hundreds of buses will take tourists to Surabaya, where all Bali flights would be rerouted to.

The influence of international law on the decisions of the Constitutional Court of Indonesia

The Hague University of Applied Sciences is proud to welcome

H.E. Judge Palguna of the Constitutional Court of Indonesia

for a guest lecture on the topic of 

The influence of international law on the decisions of the Constitutional Court of Indonesia.

The Guest Lecture will take place on Tuesday 24 October at 18.30 at the Speaker's Corner at the premises of the Hague University of Applied Sciences, J. Westerdijkplein 75, The Hague.

This lecture is a wonderful opportunity to reflect on the way international law interacts with domestic systems in practice beyond the more limited confines of Western paradigms and to conceptualise the issues that judges face in constitutional cases involving international law questions.

The Lecture will last for approximately 1 hour, including a Q and A session in the end.

Drinks and small snacks will be offered after its conclusion (approx. at 19.30) next to the Speaker’s Corner.

Please register your interest to participate via email to This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. until Monday 23 October 12.00 hours.

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