The Opening Session of The Fifth Bali Regional Ministerial Conference on People Smuggling, Trafficking in Persons and Related Transnational Crime

Remarks by

H.E. Dr. R.M. Marty M. Natalegawa

Minister for Foreign Affairs

Republic of Indonesia

At the Opening Session of

The Fifth Bali Regional Ministerial Conference on People Smuggling, Trafficking in Persons and Related Transnational Crime

Bali, Indonesia, 2 April 2013

 

My esteemed  colleague and  fellow Co-Chair, the Honorable  Bob Carr, Minister for  Foreign

Affairs of Australia,

Excellencies Ministers and Heads of Delegation, Distinguished Delegates, Ladies and Gentlemen,

I  wish to  begin  by  welcoming  all  to the  Fifth  Bali  Regional  Ministerial  Conference on  People Smuggling, Trafficking in Persons and Related Transnational Crime.

As Co-Chairs, Indonesia and Australia deeply appreciate your continued support of this Bali Process.

Let me especially thank my Ministerial colleagues who have made the effort to personally  participate in the Conference despite their pressing schedule.

Thank you, once again.

Excellencies, Ladies Gentlemen,

For just over ten years now, the Bali Process has become an important part of the region's architecture in addressing the challenge of people smuggling, human trafficking and related transnational  crime.

Its  key feature: the involvement  of countries  of origin, transit and destination,  is what  makes this process especially  invaluable.   It's  a characteristic  that we must continue to harness  and nurture; to make constantly relevant in addressing specific challenges we face today.

Excellencies, dear friends,

Over the course of the day we will have the occasion to take stock of the progress we have made, and not least, of the challenges that remain.

The Bali Process has certainly developed in a positive manner.

It affords an opportunity  among its participants to share experiences and best practices in tackling the issues of people smuggling and trafficking in persons.

It has provided an excellent opportunity in capacity building for countries in our region.

And, most recently,  we agreed to move the Bali  Process further forward.   We agreed on a regional cooperation framework that is inclusive and non-binding; one that would provide an enhanced form of cooperation to reduce irregular movement of people.

To  operationalize  the  framework, the  Bali  Process  Regional  Support  Office  has  been  set  up in Bangkok. Indonesia is pleased that the RSO has already commenced in the implementation of its foundation projects.

Yet, not withstanding the progress we have made, clearly, challenges remain.

People smuggling and trafficking in persons continue.  And, for as long as this remain the case, we must be relentless in our common endeavour.

Excellencies,

Ladies and Gentlemen,

In the interest of brevity and at the risk of oversimplification, I wish simply to emphasize three key aspects of our work; a useful framework, perhaps, in bringing focus and clarity to the ever growing network of cooperation under the Bali Process.

They are, simply: first, prevention; second, early detection; and third, protection.

Excellencies,

Indonesia believes that, more than ever, we must exert the Greatest of efforts on prevention.

Steps to effectively prevent people smuggling and human trafficking are not only for countries of origin to institute, but also of transit and destination as well.   We must dissect and identify the conditions that have proven conducive for such heinous crimes to proliferate.

Thus, for example, since deception and misinformation are often key, a concerted public awareness campaign is critical.

These  heinous crimes can be prevented if  people are aware of the  dangers posed by irregular movements of people and criminal activities that are associated to it. The involvement of civil society and other stakeholders in such public awareness efforts are critical.

However, public awareness campaign alone would not suffice.

A massive deterrence message must be projected through an effective prosecution of people smugglers and human traffickers. To bring them to justice.

In this connection, Indonesia is pleased to note that a number of activities, including workshops and trainings, have been conducted oy the Bali Process to equip law enforcements officials.  This must continue and be further enhanced.

lndonesia also deems it important that the Bali Process makes enhanced contribution to  public awareness campaign.

The  planned  practical cooperation  between the  Bali  Process and  the  Jakarta  Centre  for  Law Enforcement Cooperation has the potential to contribute to these objectives.

And, of course, a critical element in any preventive measures is the tackling of root causes. Poverty, eccnomic  disparities, gaps in labor market opportunities, conflicts, and insecurity are the major factors behind the rise of the incidence of people smuggling and human trafficking.

Comprehensivprevention measure should  also  address such  root  causes,  which  are  multi­ dimensional and multi-faceted.

Distinguished Delegates, Ladies and  Gentlemen,

Second, early detection.

Prevention measures cannot possibly provide one hundred percent success rate.

Thus, communities can be mobilized, in partnership with governments, to detect cases of people smuggling and trafficking in persons.

A cohesive community, even the nucleus of it, families, is an important early detection tool.

Early detection plays a significant role because irregular migrillions can be started by regular and legitimate movements.

Early and effective detection  will enable states to conduct prompt and swift  response to people smuggling and trafficking in persons. This will also minimize the potential of abuse and exploitation of victims.

Early detection will be effective if supported by a robust information-sharing network. It needs to be done domestically, as well as through cooperation between states, particularly the country of origin, transit and destination.

Early detection will also enable country of origin to prevent irregular migration from taking place. It will enable country of transit to prepare proper steps and measures. While it will also provide country of destination to pro-actively take measures to dampen the impact of these crimes.

In this regard, Indonesia welcomes the development of the Voluntary Reporting System on Migrant Smuggling and Related  Conduct by UNODC for members of the Bali Process. It is a concrete measure to improve data collection and information sharing that would strengthen our early detection capacity.

Perhaps, we should also envision a modality, a hotline, wh re members of the public can-report, in a timely fashion. indication of cases of people smuggling and trafficking in persons.

ExceDencies, Distinguished Delegates,

Third, and finally, protection.

We must underscore the importanqe of addressing humanitarian and protection needs in managing irregular movements of people.

Protection, therefore, rhould be victim centered.

Victims need assistarice that  extends beyond the end of  their  exploitation and any criminal prosecution. We must empower them with vocational skills to reduce the risk of being re-victimized and being dragged into exploitative situations again.

It will also prepare them to reintegrate into the community.

Victim assistance and protection have always been among the main principles of the Bali Process in addressing people smuggling and trafficking in persons.

The Bali Process has conducted a number of workshops with specific theme of protection for victims of trafficking in persons.

Indonesia especially welcomes the establislunent of a working group on trafficking in persons under the purview of the Ad Hoc Group, whose activities are inclusive and open to all interested Bali Process members.

With our agreement to its establislunent. Bali Process will conduct its business in a balanced manner in addressing the plight of people smuggling and trafficking in persons alike.

Excellencies, Distinguished Delegates,

Ladies and Geottemen,

To conclude, I wish to thank the Government of Australia for Co-Chairing the Bali Process and for its equally firm corrunitment to this endeavor.

My deepest appreciation also goes to all members of the Bali Process,  for their unwavering commitment in working together within the Bali Process.

I should also likto acknowledge the valuable contribution of the UNHCR, the IOM and the UNODC to the Bali Process.

My appredstion  also goes  to  observer states  and  other international organizations for  their participation in this Process. We can learn from one another, we can work closely together to address the problems plagued by people smuggling and trafficking in persons.

Thank you

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